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Brane-world black holes and the scale of gravity

By G. L. Alberghi, R. Casadio, O. Micu and A. Orlandi

Abstract

A particle in four dimensions should behave like a classical black hole if the horizon radius is larger than the Compton wavelength or, equivalently, if its degeneracy (measured by entropy in units of the Planck scale) is large. For spherically symmetric black holes in 4 + d dimensions, both arguments again lead to a mass threshold MC and degeneracy scale Mdeg of the order of the fundamental scale of gravity MG. In the brane-world, deviations from the Schwarzschild metric induced by bulk effects alter the horizon radius and effective four-dimensional Euclidean action in such a way that MC \simeq Mdeg might be either larger or smaller than MG. This opens up the possibility that black holes exist with a mass smaller than MG and might be produced at the LHC even if M>10 TeV, whereas effects due to bulk graviton exchanges remain undetectable because suppressed by inverse powers of MG. Conversely, even if black holes are not found at the LHC, it is still possible that MC>MG and MG \simeq 1TeV.Comment: 4 pages, no figur

Topics: High Energy Physics - Theory, Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1007/JHEP09(2011)023
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1104.3043
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