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Rainbow Matchings: existence and counting

By Guillem Perarnau and Oriol Serra


A perfect matching M in an edge-colored complete bipartite graph K_{n,n} is rainbow if no pair of edges in M have the same color. We obtain asymptotic enumeration results for the number of rainbow matchings in terms of the maximum number of occurrences of a color. We also consider two natural models of random edge-colored K_{n,n} and show that, if the number of colors is at least n, then there is with high probability a random matching. This in particular shows that almost every square matrix of order n in which every entry appears at most n times has a Latin transversal.Comment: 12 page

Topics: Mathematics - Combinatorics, Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics
Year: 2011
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