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Precision benchmark calculations for four particles at unitarity

By Shahin Bour, Xin Li, Dean Lee, Ulf-G. Meißner and Lubos Mitas


The unitarity limit describes interacting particles where the range of the interaction is zero and the scattering length is infinite. We present precision benchmark calculations for two-component fermions at unitarity using three different ab initio methods: Hamiltonian lattice formalism using iterated eigenvector methods, Euclidean lattice formalism with auxiliary-field projection Monte Carlo, and continuum diffusion Monte Carlo with fixed and released nodes. We have calculated the ground state energy of the unpolarized four-particle system in a periodic cube as a dimensionless fraction of the ground state energy for the non-interacting system. We obtain values 0.211(2) and 0.210(2) using two different Hamiltonian lattice representations, 0.206(9) using Euclidean lattice, and an upper bound of 0.212(2) from fixed-node diffusion Monte Carlo. Released-node calculations starting from the fixed-node result yield a decrease of less than 0.002 over a propagation of 0.4/E_F in Euclidean time, where E_F is the Fermi energy. We find good agreement among all three ab initio methods.Comment: 23 pages, 7 figures, final version to appear in Phys. Rev.

Topics: Condensed Matter - Quantum Gases, High Energy Physics - Lattice, Nuclear Theory
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevA.83.063619
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