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Continuum and line modeling of disks around young stars II. Line diagnostics for GASPS from the DENT grid

By I. Kamp, P. Woitke, C. Pinte, I. Tilling, W. -F. Thi, F. Menard, G. Duchene and J. -C. Augereau


Aims. We want to understand the chemistry and physics of disks on the basis of a large unbiased and statistically relevant grid of disk models. One of the main goals is to explore the diagnostic power of various gas emission lines and line ratios for deriving main disk parameters such as the gas mass. Methods. We explore the results of the DENT grid (Disk Evolution with Neat Theory) that consists of 300 000 disk models with 11 free parameters. Through a statistical analysis, we search for correlations and trends in an effort to find tools for disk diagnostic. Results. All calculated quantities like species masses, temperatures, continuum and line fluxes differ by several orders of magnitude across the entire parameter space. The broad distribution of these quantities as a function of input parameters shows the limitation of using a prototype T Tauri or Herbig Ae/Be disk model. The statistical analysis of the DENT grid shows that CO gas is rarely the dominant carbon reservoir in disks. Models with large inner radii (10 times the dust condensation radius) and/or shallow surface density gradients lack massive gas phase water reservoirs. Also, 60% of the disks have gas temperatures averaged over the oxygen mass in the range between 15 and 70 K; the average gas temperatures for CO and O differ by less than a factor two. Studying the observational diagnostics, the [CII] 158 \mum fine structure line flux is very sensitive to the stellar UV flux and presence of a UV excess and it traces the outer disk radius (Rout). In the submm, the CO low J rotational lines also trace Rout. Low [OI] 63/145 line ratios (< a few) can be explained with cool atomic O gas in the uppermost surface layers leading to self-absorption in the 63 \mum line; this occurs mostly for massive non-flaring, settled disk models without UV excess. ... abbreviatedComment: 15 pages, 25 figures, accepted for publication in A&

Topics: Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1051/0004-6361/201016399
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