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Constraints on Scalar Asymmetric Dark Matter from Black Hole Formation in Neutron Stars

By Samuel D. McDermott, Hai-Bo Yu and Kathryn M. Zurek


We consider possibly observable effects of asymmetric dark matter (ADM) in neutron stars. Since dark matter does not self-annihilate in the ADM scenario, dark matter accumulates in neutron stars, eventually reaching the Chandrasekhar limit and forming a black hole. We focus on the case of scalar ADM, where the constraints from Bose-Einstein condensation and subsequent black hole formation are most severe due to the absence of Fermi degeneracy pressure. We also note that in some portions of this constrained parameter space, non-trivial effects from Hawking radiation can modify our limits. We find that for scalar ADM with mass between 100 keV and 10^5 GeV, the constraint from pulsars in globular clusters on the scattering cross-section with neutrons ranges from \sigma_n < 10^{-45} cm^2 to 10^{-52} cm}^2. In particular, for scalar ADM with mass between 1 GeV and 1 TeV (in the case where black hole evaporation due to Hawking radiation is unimportant), the constraint on the scattering cross-section is below what is reachable with ton scale direct detection experiments.Comment: 24 pages, 5 figures; updated to match published versio

Topics: High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevD.85.023519
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