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Some degenerations of $G_2$ and Calabi-Yau varieties

By Michal Kapustka


We introduce a variety $\hat{G}_2$ parameterizing isotropic five-spaces of a general degenerate four-form in a seven dimensional vector space. It is in a natural way a degeneration of the variety $G_2$, the adjoint variety of the simple Lie group $\mathbb{G}_2$. It occurs that it is also the image of $\mathbb{P}^5$ by a system of quadrics containing a twisted cubic. Degenerations of this twisted cubic to three lines give rise to degenerations of $G_2$ which are toric Gorenstein Fano fivefolds. We use these two degenerations to construct geometric transitions between Calabi--Yau threefolds. We prove moreover that every polarized K3 surface of Picard number 2, genus 10, and admitting a $g^1_5$ appears as linear sections of the variety $\hat{G}_2$.Comment: 13 page

Topics: Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry, 14J10, 14J32, 14J28, 14J33
Year: 2011
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