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SGR 1806-20 and the gravitational wave detectors EXPLORER and NAUTILUS

By Giuseppina Modestino and Guido Pizzella

Abstract

The activity of the soft gamma ray repeater SGR 1806-20 is studied in correlation with the EXPLORER and NAUTILUS data, during the year 2004, for gravitational wave (GW) short signal search. Corresponding to the most significant triggers, the bright outburst on October 5th and the giant flare (GF) on December 27th, the associated GW signature is searched. Two methods are employed for processing the data. With the average-modulus algorithm, the presence of short pulses with energy Egw \geq 1.8 x 10^49 erg is excluded with 90% probability, under the hypothesis of isotropic emission. This value is comparable to the upper limits obtained by LIGO regarding similar sources. Using the cross-correlation method, we find a discrepancy from the null-hypothesis of the order of 1%. This statistical excess is not sufficient to claim a systematic association between the gravitational and the electromagnetic radiations, because the estimated GW upper limits are yet several orders of magnitude far away from the theoretically predicted levels, at least three for the most powerful SGR flare.Comment: Accepted by Physical Review

Topics: Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevD.83.089901
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1103.3668
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