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Seeking Evolution of Dark Energy

By Paul H. Frampton and Kevin J. Ludwick


We study how observationally to distinguish between a cosmological constant (CC) and an evolving dark energy with equation of state $\omega(Z)$. We focus on the value of redshift Z* at which the cosmic late time acceleration begins and $\ddot{a}(Z^{*}) = 0$. Four $\omega(Z)$ are studied, including the well-known CPL model and a new model that has advantages when describing the entire expansion era. If dark energy is represented by a CC model with $\omega \equiv -1$, the present ranges for $\Omega_{\Lambda}(t_0)$ and $\Omega_m(t_0)$ imply that Z* = 0.743 with 4% error. We discuss the possible implications of a model independent measurement of Z* with better accuracy.Comment: 9 pages, LaTeX, 5 figure

Topics: High Energy Physics - Theory, Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics, General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-011-1735-x
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