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Constructing a Minimum-Level Phylogenetic Network from a Dense Triplet Set in Polynomial Time

By Michel Habib and Thu-Hien To


For a given set $\mathcal{L}$ of species and a set $\mathcal{T}$ of triplets on $\mathcal{L}$, one wants to construct a phylogenetic network which is consistent with $\mathcal{T}$, i.e which represents all triplets of $\mathcal{T}$. The level of a network is defined as the maximum number of hybrid vertices in its biconnected components. When $\mathcal{T}$ is dense, there exist polynomial time algorithms to construct level-$0,1,2$ networks (Aho et al. 81, Jansson et al. 04, Iersel et al. 08). For higher levels, partial answers were obtained by Iersel et al. 2008 with a polynomial time algorithm for simple networks. In this paper, we detail the first complete answer for the general case, solving a problem proposed by Jansson et al. 2004: for any $k$ fixed, it is possible to construct a minimum level-$k$ network consistent with $\mathcal{T}$, if there is any, in time $O(|\mathcal{T}|^{k+1}n^{\lfloor\frac{4k}{3}\rfloor+1})$. This is an improved result of our preliminary version presented at CPM'2009

Topics: Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution
Year: 2011
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