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Asymptotic enumeration of independent sets on the Sierpinski gasket

By Shu-Chiuan Chang, Lung-Chi Chen and Weigen Yan


The number of independent sets is equivalent to the partition function of the hard-core lattice gas model with nearest-neighbor exclusion and unit activity. We study the number of independent sets $m_{d,b}(n)$ on the generalized Sierpinski gasket $SG_{d,b}(n)$ at stage $n$ with dimension $d$ equal to two, three and four for $b=2$, and layer $b$ equal to three for $d=2$. The upper and lower bounds for the asymptotic growth constant, defined as $z_{SG_{d,b}}=\lim_{v \to \infty} \ln m_{d,b}(n)/v$ where $v$ is the number of vertices, on these Sierpinski gaskets are derived in terms of the results at a certain stage. The numerical values of these $z_{SG_{d,b}}$ are evaluated with more than a hundred significant figures accurate. We also conjecture the upper and lower bounds for the asymptotic growth constant $z_{SG_{d,2}}$ with general $d$.Comment: 26 pages, 10 figures, 9 table

Topics: Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics, Mathematical Physics
Year: 2011
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