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Enrichment of Heavy Elements in the red giant S15-19 in the Sextans Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy

By Satoshi Honda, Wako Aoki, Nobuo Arimoto and Kozo Sadakane

Abstract

We determined chemical abundances of the Extremely Metal-Poor (EMP) star S15-19 ([Fe/H]=-3.0) in the Sextans dwarf galaxy. While heavy neutron-capture elements (e.g., Ba) are generally deficient in EMP stars in dwarf galaxies, this object was shown to have an exceptional over-abundance of Ba ([Ba/Fe] +0.5) by a previous study, which is similar to those of r-process-enhanced stars found in the field halo. Our new high-resolution spectroscopy for this object for the blue region, however, reveals that no clear excess of r-process elements, like Eu, appears in this object. Moreover, a significant excess of carbon ([C/Fe]= +1.0) and a deficiency of Sr ([Sr/Fe] = -1.4) are found for this object. Taking the variation of radial velocities measured at the two different epochs into consideration, the origin of the excesses of heavy neutron-capture elements in S15-19 is not the r-process, but is the s-process in an asymptotic giant branch (AGB) star that was the binary companion (primary) of this object. Carbon- and s-process-enhanced material should have been transferred to the surface of S15-19 across the binary system. These results are compared with carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars in the field halo.Comment: 18 pages, PASJ in pres

Topics: Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1093/pasj/63.sp2.S523
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1103.1956
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