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Geometrical Properties of Coupled Oscillators at Synchronization

By Hassan F. El-Nashar and Hilda A. Cerdeira


We study the synchronization of $N$ nearest neighbors coupled oscillators in a ring. We derive an analytic form for the phase difference among neighboring oscillators which shows the dependency on the periodic boundary conditions. At synchronization, we find two distinct quantities which characterize four of the oscillators, two pairs of nearest neighbors, which are at the border of the clusters before total synchronization occurs. These oscillators are responsible for the saddle node bifurcation, of which only two of them have a phase-lock of phase difference equals $\pm$$\pi$/2. Using these properties we build a technique based on geometric properties and numerical observations to arrive to an exact analytic expression for the coupling strength at full synchronization and determine the two oscillators that have a phase-lock condition of $\pm$$\pi$/2.Comment: accepted for publication in "Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulations

Topics: Nonlinear Sciences - Chaotic Dynamics
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.cnsns.2011.03.011
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