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Exploding Core-Collapse Supernovae with Jittering Jets

By Oded Papish and Noam Soker


We argue that jittering jets, i.e., jets that have their launching direction rapidly change, launched by the newly formed neutron star in a core collapse supernova can explode the star. We show that under a wide range of parameters the fast narrow jets deposit their energy inside the star via shock waves, and form two hot bubbles, that eventually merge, accelerate the rest of the star and lead to the explosion. To prevent the jets from penetrating through the collapsing stellar core and escape with their energy, instead of forming the hot bubbles, the jets should be prevented from drilling a hole through the star. This condition can be met if the jets' axis rapidly changes its direction. This process of depositing jets' energy into the ambient medium is termed the it penetrating jet feedback mechanism. The feedback exists in that the neutron star (or a black hole) at the center of the core collapse supernova shuts off its own growth by exploding the star. The jets deposit their energy at a distance of 1000 km from the center and expel the mass above that radius. In our model, the material near the stalled shock at several hundreds kilometers from the center is not expelled, but it is rather accreted and feed the accretion disk that blows the jets. The neutrinos might influence the accretion flow, but in the proposed model their role in exploding the star is small.Comment: Accepted for publication in MNRA

Topics: Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18671.x
OAI identifier:
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