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The astronomical orientation of the urban plan of Alexandria

By Luisa Ferro and Giulio Magli


Alexander the Great founded Alexandria in 331 BC. The newly founded town was conceived as an orthogonal grid based on a main longitudinal axis, later called Canopic Road. We analyse here the astronomical orientation of the project and propose that the main axis was deliberately oriented towards the rising sun on the day of birth of Alexander the Great. The argument is admittedly speculative as any Archaeoastronomy argument not backed up by written sources. However, it is nested accurately into the archaeological records and into what is known on the foundation of the town. Further, a topographical analysis is given to sustain the thesis.Comment: Archaeoastronomy/History of Astronom

Topics: Physics - History and Philosophy of Physics
Year: 2011
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