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Anharmonic transitions in nearly dry L-cysteine I

By T. A. Lima, E. T. Sato, E. T. Martins, P. Homem-de-Mello, A. F. Lago, M. D. Coutinho-Neto, F. F. Ferreira, C. Giles, M. O. C. Pires and H. Martinho


Two special dynamical transitions of universal character have been recently observed in macromolecules at $T_{D}\sim 180 - 220$ K and $T^{*}\sim 100$ K. Despite their relevance, a complete understanding of the nature of these transitions and their consequences for the bio-activity of the macromolecule is still lacking. Our results and analysis concerning the temperature dependence of structural, vibrational and thermodynamical properties of the orthorhombic polymorph of the amino acid L-cysteine (at a hydration level of 3.5%) indicated that the two referred temperatures define the triggering of very simple and specific events that govern all the biochemical interactions of the biomolecule: activation of rigid rotors ($T<T^{*}$), phonon-phonon interactions with phonons of water dimer ($T^{*}<T<T_{D}$), and water rotational barriers surpassing ($T>T_{D}$).Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, submitted to Physical Review Letter

Topics: Condensed Matter - Soft Condensed Matter
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1088/0953-8984/24/19/195104
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