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A commuting network model: going to the bulk

By Floriana Gargiulo, Maxime Lenormand, Sylvie Huet and Omar Baqueiro Espinosa

Abstract

The influence of commuting in socio-economic dynamics increases constantly. Analysing and modelling the networks formed by commuters to help decision-making regarding the land-use has become crucial. This paper presents a simple spatial interaction simulated model with only one parameter. The proposed algorithm considers each individual who wants to commute, starting from their living place to all their workplaces. It decides where the location of the workplace following the classical rule inspired from the gravity law consisting in a compromise between the job offers and the distance to the jobs. The further away the job offer is, the more important it must be in order to be considered. Inversely, only the quantity of offers is important for the decision when these offers are close. The paper also presents a comparative analysis of the structure of the commuting networks of the four European regions to which we apply our model. The model is calibrated and validated on these regions. Results from the analysis shows that the model is very efficient in reproducing most of the statistical properties of the network given by the data sources.Comment: submitted to JASS

Topics: Physics - Physics and Society, Computer Science - Computers and Society
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1102.5647
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