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Non-BCS superconductivity for underdoped cuprates by spin-vortex attraction

By P. A. Marchetti, F. Ye, Z. B. Su and L. Yu

Abstract

Within a gauge approach to the t-J model, we propose a new, non-BCS mechanism of superconductivity for underdoped cuprates. The gluing force of the superconducting mechanism is an attraction between spin vortices on two different N\'eel sublattices, centered around the empty sites described in terms of fermionic holons. The spin fluctuations are described by bosonic spinons with a gap generated by the spin vortices. Due to the no-double occupation constraint, there is a gauge attraction between holon and spinon binding them into a physical hole. Through gauge interaction the spin vortex attraction induces the formation of spin-singlet (RVB) spin pairs with a owering of the spinon gap. Lowering the temperature the approach exhibits two crossover temperatures: at the higher crossover a finite density of incoherent holon pairs are formed leading to a reduction of the hole spectral weight, at the lower crossover also a finite density of incoherent spinon RVB pairs are formed, giving rise to a gas of incoherent preformed hole pairs, and magnetic vortices appear in the plasma phase. Finally, at a even lower temperature the hole pairs become coherent, the magnetic vortices become dilute and superconductivity appears. The superconducting mechanism is not of BCS-type since it involves a gain in kinetic energy (for spinons) coming from the spin interactions.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, accepted by the proceedings of SNS2010 conferenc

Topics: Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons, High Energy Physics - Theory
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jpcs.2010.10.058
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1102.4221
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