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Polytope of Correct (Linear Programming) Decoding and Low-Weight Pseudo-Codewords

By Michael Chertkov and Mikhail Stepanov


We analyze Linear Programming (LP) decoding of graphical binary codes operating over soft-output, symmetric and log-concave channels. We show that the error-surface, separating domain of the correct decoding from domain of the erroneous decoding, is a polytope. We formulate the problem of finding the lowest-weight pseudo-codeword as a non-convex optimization (maximization of a convex function) over a polytope, with the cost function defined by the channel and the polytope defined by the structure of the code. This formulation suggests new provably convergent heuristics for finding the lowest weight pseudo-codewords improving in quality upon previously discussed. The algorithm performance is tested on the example of the Tanner [155, 64, 20] code over the Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) channel.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figures, accepted for IEEE ISIT 201

Topics: Computer Science - Information Theory
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1109/ISIT.2011.6033824
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