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Orphans in Africa

By Christina Paxson and Joseph Ableidinger

Abstract

Orphans in Africa We examine the impact of orphanhood on the school enrollment of children from 10 Sub-Saharan African countries. We find that orphans are significantly less likely than non-orphans to be enrolled in school. This is not due to the greater poverty of orphans: orphans are less likely to be enrolled in school than are non-orphans with whom they live. Consistent with predictions of Hamilton’s Rule, the theory that the closeness of biological ties governs altruistic behavior, outcomes for orphans depend on the degree of relatedness of the orphan to the household head. The lower school enrollment of orphans is largely explained by the greater tendency of orphans In a follow-up to the 2001 United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS, UNAIDS researchers recently noted that nearly 40 percent of countries suffering from a generalized AIDS epidemic lacked a national policy to support children “orphaned or made vulnerable by AIDS, ” [Progress Report 2003, page 12]. This is an important issue in Sub

Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.198.8673
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