Section 2 presents a vision of cardiovascular health (CVH) that is achievable through a comprehensive public health strategy. Such a strategy will guide the needed action, from preventing heart disease and stroke among healthy people to treating and managing these conditions when prevention has failed. To develop the strategy, an action framework was developed that outlines the present reality, a vision of the future, and six broad intervention approaches that can help achieve this vision. These six approaches address the two overarching goals of Healthy People 2010, which are to increase quality and years of healthy life and eliminate health disparities, as well as the specific goal for preventing heart disease and stroke. The action framework helps to distinguish two widely recognized aspects of intervention—health promotion and disease prevention—as they apply to heart disease and stroke. It also describes the nature and magnitude of the target population for each intervention approach. These descriptions illustrate a striking imbalance between the lack o
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