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Glossary of Terms 1 Accident:

By Compiled Claire, B. Rubin and Claire B. Rubin

Abstract

A disruption that physically affects a system as a whole. (Pauchant and Mitroff) A crucial turning point in the course of anything, an unstable condition in which an abrupt or decisive change is impending. A major, unpredictable event that has potentially negative results. The event and its aftermath may significantly damage an organization and its employees, products, services, financial condition, and reputation. (Barton) A crisis, like an accident, is a disruption that physically affects a system as a whole and also threatens the priority goals of an organization, and challenges the traditional behaviors and values shared in an organization. (Pauchant and Mitroff) Disaster: An occurrence inflicting wide spread destruction and distress. A situation that is disruptive and harmful; is of high magnitude; is sudden, acute and demands a timely response; and is outside the organization's typical operating framework. Any occurrence which causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of human lives, deterioration of health and health services on a scale sufficient to warrant an extraordinary response from outside the affected community. (World Health Organization) An event concentrated in time and space, in which a society, or a relatively selfsufficient subdivision of a society, undergoes severe danger and incurs such losses to its members and physical appurtenances that the social structure is disrupted and the fulfillment of all or some of the essential functions of the society is prevented. (Fritz) Emergency: An unexpected event, which places life and/or property in danger and requires an immediate response through the use of routine community (or organizational

Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.197.9036
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