This article focuses on the use of a comprehensive needs assessment to improve student achievement. Higher education institutions and P-12 schools should use a comprehensive needs assessment to aid them in improving their students ’ achievement in this era of redesign and reform. The authors use their experience as school administrators, college professors, and district assistant team members to explain the needs assessment process. Comprehensive Needs Assessment Defined The 1983 Nation at Risk report initiated a flurry of school reform that instigated a call for nationwide accountability. The No Child Left Behind Act (United States Government, January 2001) mandates that public schools that receive federal funds achieve adequate yearly progress. Across the United States, school administrators, and faculty and staff have spent numerous hours on the issue of school reform since 1983 trying to improve student achievement. However, before student achievement can be improved, a comprehensive needs assessment must be conducted at the school level
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