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Childhood Agricultural lnjury

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Abstract

were 923,000 children under 15 years of age and 346,000 children 15-19 years of age residing on U.S. farms and ranches.2 The National Agricultural Workers ’ Survey data of 1989 estimated there were 587,000 children of migrant workers age 21 or younger involved in seasonal agricultural services in the United States. Of these children, 65 % travel with their parents but do not do farm work; 6 % travel and participate in farm work; another 29 % travel on their own to do farm work.3 Studies have shown that from one-third to one-half of nonfatal childhood agricultural injuries occur to children who do not live on farms.4,5 Toll of Unintentional Injury There are an estimated 300 deaths to children younger than 20 years of age on U.S. farms and ranches each year.6 An estimated 27,000 children under the age of 20 years who live on farms and ranches are injured each year.7 This figure does not include children who visit or work on non-family farms. A study of agricultural injuries in children in central Wisconsin revealed an overall incidence rate of 18.3 injuries per 1,000 farm resident children. Injury rates were highest among males 14-17 years at 27.2/1,000 farm resident children.8 The annual societal cost of childhood deaths and injuries on farms and ranches is around 3 billion dollars. This total includes direct medical costs, value of lost future earnings, and quality of life.

Year: 1996
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