This article describes the results of a survey conducted amongst some 75 Danish manufacturing companies in 2001-02. This study fills a void in existing research by exploring relationships between bundles of lean manufacturing practices and bundles of mass customization practices. The results indicate that there are no direct relationships between the lean manufacturing and the mass customization practices, but that the combination of some sets of practices can explain differences in performance on important dimensions. The general conclusion, however, is that there are only weak relationships between the two concepts, hence this study suggests that the concepts of lean manufacturing and mass customization at present are more mutually exclusive than supportive. At least when the constructs used in this study is applied
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