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Distributed Space-Time Block Codes for Two-Hop Wireless Relay Networks

By et al. J. Harshan


Recently, the idea of space-time coding has been applied to wireless relay networks wherein a set of geographically separated relay nodes cooperate to process the received signal from the source and forward them to the destination such that the signal received at the destination appears like a Space-Time Block Code (STBC). Such STBCs (referred to as Distributed Space-Time Block Codes (DSTBCs)) when appropriately designed are known to offer spatial diversity. It is known that different classes of DSTBCs can be designed primarily depending on (i) whether the Amplify and Forward (AF) protocol or the Decode and Forward (DF) protocol is employed at the relays and (ii) whether the relay nodes are synchronized or not. In this paper, we present a survey on the problems and results associated with the design of DSTBCs for the following classes of two-hop wireless relay networks: (i) synchronous relay networks with AF protocols, (ii) asynchronous relay networks with AF protocols (iii) synchronous relay networks with DF protocols and (iv) asynchronous relay networks with DF protocols

Year: 2010
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