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CLASS NUMBERS OF NUMBER RINGS: EXISTENCE AND COMPUTATIONS

By Gabriel Gaster

Abstract

Abstract. This paper gives a brief introduction to the theory of algebraic numbers, with an eye toward computing the class numbers of certain number rings. The author adapts the treatments of Madhav Nori (from [1]) and Daniel Marcus (from [2]). None of the following work is original, but the author does include some independent solutions of exercises given by Nori or Marcus. We assume familiarity with the basic theory of fields. 1. A Note on Notation Throughout, unless explicitly stated, R is assumed to be a commutative integral domain. As is customary, we write Frac(R) to denote the field of fractions of a domain. By Z, Q, R, C we denote the integers, rationals, reals, and complex numbers, respectively. For R a ring, R[x], read ‘R adjoin x’, is the polynomial ring in x with coefficients in R. 2. Integral Extensions In his lectures, Madhav Nori said algebraic number theory is misleadingly named. It is not the application of modern algebraic tools to number theory; it is the stud

Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.186.5486
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