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By Tony Bates


This personal review of research into distance higher education indicates the large quantity and variable quality of research in this field. The article focuses on research that identifies indicators of success in distance higher education. In particular, the chapter examines research on or developments in: the demographics and characteristics of distance learners; attrition/completion; market needs and the link between online learning and knowledge-based economies; different generations of distance higher education; different forms of learning through online instruction; distance learning technologies; and the organisation of research. Despite a shortage of good quality research, the chapter concludes that there is a substantial body of knowledge validated by research that decision-makers ignore at their peril

Year: 2011
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