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Diabetes is a disease caused by levels of sugar in the blood being too high. This occurs because the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that turns into energy or stores it as fat. There are several types of diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not make insulin and it is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. In type 2 diabetes, the body either does not make enough insulin or is unable to use the insulin it has. Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood sugar levels during pregnancy have gestational diabetes. Regardless of the type, diabetes is a serious disease but can be treated. Some people with diabetes need to take medicine or insulin to control their blood sugar and prevent problems. For people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, untreated high blood sugar levels can damage organs, including blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and kidneys. Did you know? About 1 % of women of childbearing age have diabetes before pregnancy In 2007, 3 % of women in Arizona developed diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) Having diabetes in pregnancy can increase your chance of staying a diabetic after having a baby, or getting diabetes later in lif

Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.180.2108
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