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Efficient Semiparametric Detection of Changes in Trend

By S. C. Goh


This paper proposes a test for the correct specification of a dynamic timeseries model that is taken to be stationary about a deterministic linear trend function with no more than a finite number of discontinuities in the vector of trend coefficients. The test avoids the consideration of explicit alternatives to the null of trend stability. The proposal also does not involve the detailed modelling of the data-generating process of the stochastic component, which is simply assumed to satisfy a certain strong invariance principle for stationary causal processes taking a general form. As such, the resulting inference procedure is effectively an omnibus specification test for segmented linear trend stationarity. The test is of Wald-type, and is based on an asymptotically linear estimator of the vector of total-variation norms of the trend parameters whose influence function coincides with the efficient influence function. Simulations illustrate the utility of this procedure to detect discrete breaks or continuous variation in the trend parameter as well as alternatives where the trend coefficients change randomly each period. This paper also includes an application examining the adequacy of a linear trend-stationary specification with infrequent trend breaks for the historical evolution of U.S. real output

Topics: Structural change, trend-stationary processes, nonparametric regression, efficient
Year: 2009
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