Among the great challenges of development, education continues to take pride of place. In this chapter we highlight some of the channels by which the AIDS pandemic in Africa may affect the continent’s ability to produce education and to use it effectively for growth and poverty reduction. Our assessment is preliminary; we hope here to sketch a larger research agenda rather than to dispose of it. The effect of the pandemic on the supply of and demand for adequate public education matters because education is both constitutive of and instrumental in the process of development (Sen, 1999). Education is an end in itself, a vital part of individuals ’ capacity to lead lives that they value. Furthermore, it is an important instrument with which people can improve their lives in other ways. For example, more education, particularly of women, is associated with better family health and improved capacity to plan and time births. Education also enhances the capacity of poor people to participate in the political process, and thus to organize fo
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