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Laelapid Mites (Parasitiformes: Gamasida), Parasites of Akodon philipmyersi (Rodentia: Cricetidae) in the Northern Campos Grasslands, Argentina, with the Description of a New Species

By Marcela Lareschi

Abstract

Androlaelaps ulysespardinasi, a new species of laelapid mite, is described based on specimens collected from the pelage of the akodontine rodent Akodon philipmyersi Pardias, D'Ela, Cirignoli and Suarez, 2005, which is endemic to the Northern Campos Grasslands in Misiones Province, Argentina. The formal taxonomic description, illustrations, and scanning electron micrographs of the new species are derived from female specimens; males and nymphs are unknown. Androlaelaps ulysespardinasi resembles Androlaelaps rotundus Fonseca, 1936 in general appearance, but it differs in having a more sclerotized, V-shaped and elevated ridge among j4 and j6 setae in the dorsal shield; the idiosoma is smaller (586634 m in length) and has a bilobed posterior margin. The sternal plate is 1.3 times broader than longer, the epigynial shield is 1.2 longer than broader, and an anal shield is almost as long as it is broad. Both species are close to Androlaelaps misionalis Lareschi, 2010 and Androlaelaps maurii Lareschi and Gettinger, 2009, but they differ in their larger size (586650 μm), in having the distance between j6 setae similar to the distance between j5 setae (7283 μm), 11 pairs of setae in opisthogaster, and lacking a pair of setae close to epigynal shield. In addition, An. ulysespardinasi n. sp. is unusual in having chelicerae with both digits with 2 teeth. An An. rotundus species group, which includes the new species, is proposed, and a key to identify the different species is provided. Host specificity of the different species with rodents from the Akodon division of the akodontines was observed, suggesting that cophylogeny between these mites and akodontines may have occurred.Fil: Lareschi, Marcela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - La Plata. Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo. Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores; Argentin

Topics: PARASITE, LAELAPIDAE, HOST SPECIFICITY, SIGMODONTINAE, Otras Ciencias Biológicas, Ciencias Biológicas, CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Publisher: American Society of Parasitologists
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1645/GE-2695.1
OAI identifier: oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/75008
Provided by: CONICET Digital
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