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Polymer Communication Separation of the effects of pH and polymer concentration on the swelling pressure and elastic modulus of a pH-responsive hydrogel

By Ferenc Horkay A, Man-hee Han B, In Suk Han B, In-seok Bang C and Jules J. Magda C

Abstract

The elastic shear modulus G and swelling pressure u are studied for a basic, pH-responsive hydrogel synthesized by crosslinking copolymerization of co-monomers hydroxypropyl methacrylate and N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate with crosslinker tetraethylene glycol dimethacrylate. Under normal conditions of use as a ‘‘smart’ ’ material, hydrogel swelling ratio Q and pH vary simultaneously, but here G and u values are presented as a function of pH with Q held constant and vice versa. At fixed pH, G decreases with increase in Q in a power law dependence, as predicted by the FloryeRehner model. However, at fixed Q, G increases with decrease in pH (i.e., increase in degree of ionization). The pH effect is more pronounced than the volume effect, thus the hydrogel stiffens as it swells in response to pH change. At high pH, u values of the uncharged hydrogel obey the FloryeRehner model, whereas explicit ionic contributions can be identified at lower pH values

Topics: Elastic shear modulus, pH-responsive hydrogel, Osmotic pressure
Year: 2006
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.162.2749
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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