We show how new syntactic forms and static analysis can be added to a programming language to support abstractions provided by libraries. Libraries have the important characteristic that programmers can use multiple libraries in a single program. Thus, any attempt to extend a language’s syntax and analysis should be done in a composable manner so that similar extensions that support other libraries can be used by the programmer in the same program. To accomplish this we have developed an extensible attribute grammar specification of Java 1.4 written in the attribute grammar specification language Silver. Library writers can specify, as an attribute grammar, new syntax and analysis that extends the language and supports their library. The Silver tools automatically compose the grammars defining the language and the programmer-selected language extensions (for their chosen libraries) into a specification for a new custom language that has language-level support for the libraries. We demonstrate how syntax and analysis are added to a language by extending Java with syntax from the query language SQL and static analysis of these constructs so that syntax and type errors in SQL queries can be detected at compile-time. 1
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