This paper discusses algorithms and software for the enumeration of all lattice points inside a rational convex polytope: we describe LattE, a computer package for lattice point enumeration which contains the first implementation of A. Barvinok's algorithm . We report on computational experiments with multiway contingency tables, knapsack type problems, rational polygons, and flow polytopes. We prove that this kind of symbolic-algebraic ideas surpasses the traditional branch-and-bound enumeration and in some instances LattE is the only software capable of counting. Using LattE, we have also computed new formulas of Ehrhart (quasi)polynomials for interesting families of polytopes (hypersimplices, truncated cubes, etc). We end with a survey of other "algebraic-analytic" algorithms, including a "polar" variation of Barvinok's algorithm which is very fast when the number of facet-defining inequalities is much smaller compared to the number of vertices
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