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An Integrated Approach for Sustainability Assessment of Tourism Development in Sharm El-Sheikh

By Dr. Mohab Elrefaie

Abstract

Abstract: Planning, in terms of managing the future, requires different methods and changed paradigm from traditional physical planning. A new conception of planning is needed, which is based on new integrated approaches with new tools. Such tools are needed on the interface between the short-term and long-term, the quantitative and the qualitative, and the certain and the uncertain. This paper describes an integrated model made for assessing sustainability of tourism development in Sharm El-Sheikh area, Sinai- Egypt. Different methodological approaches have been set to fulfill this task (GIS, Mental and Simulation Models). Theses tools have been linked and combined forming a spatial integrated system, where ecological and economic as well as social factors could have been conducted in one modeling decision system. A so called “Sharma Simulation Model ” has been constructed by using system dynamics tradition. The use of GIS enables spatially explicit simulation modeling results for different proposed development scenarios. It, also, gives the possibility to delineate conflict areas and calculate the concrete share of different impact types due to anticipated tourism growth in Sharm. Such combination of GIS and System Dynamics form a dynamic integrated system, which offers the possibility to guide and support decisions in local urban planning process by calculating and interpreting the consequences of each development scenario not only from the economic point of view but also integrated with ecological and social aspects as well. Such integrated approach represent a new generation of user oriented and interactive planning tool which might be compared to similar developments in the modeling of stakeholder participation processes for urban development in the US

Topics: Sustainability, Assessment, Integrated System, Tourism, coastal development, GIS, System Dynamics
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.134.9964
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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