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Investigations of Solid-Liquid Interfaces in Helium at Ultralow Temperatures

By Viktor Tsepelin


growth anisotropy, multiple-beam interferometry, phase-shift technique. This Thesis describes ultralow temperature studies of helium quantum crystals. Owing to the surrounding superfluid, small latent heat of crystallization and correspondingly short relaxation times, which are unreachable in ordinary crystals, helium crystals offer a unique and clean modeling system to study surface phenomena in a solid. The measurements of the crystal shape and growth rates are essential in providing the microscopic understanding of crystal growth. Optical observations are probably the most direct way to quantify the surface of crystals. The results presented in this Thesis were obtained with the help of two very powerful experimental techniques that were successfully adopted for ultralow temperature applications: optical interferometry and high-precision pressure measurements. The optical investigations on 3He crystals revealed altogether eleven types of facets at temperatures well below 1 mK, while previously only three facet types have been seen

Topics: Interfacial phenomena, solid-liquid interface, helium crystals, morphology, roughening transitions
Year: 2009
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