Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Remifentanil by bolus injection: a safety, pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and age effect investigation in human volunteers

By T. D. Egan, S. E. Kern, K. T. Muir and J. White


Background. Although remifentanil's short-acting pharmacokinetic pro®le makes it well suited for procedures during which a brief period of intense analgesia is required, setting up an infusion pump for brief procedures is inconvenient. The clinical pharmacology of remifentanil administered by bolus injection, a more convenient alternative, has not been explored in detail. The primary aim of this study was to examine the safety of single bolus doses of remifentanil in conscious, healthy, adult volunteers breathing room air. Secondary aims included the evaluation of remifentanil pharmacokinetics and analgesic effects after bolus injection and a comparison of these issues in younger vs older adults. Methods. Using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation, crossover study design, 64 subjects (16 over 60 years old) received remifentanil or placebo by bolus injection in a ®xed unit dose separated by a 1 h washout period. Respiratory effects were assessed using a respiratory intervention scale. Analgesic effects were assessed using pressure algometry. A population pharmacokinetic model was constructed using non-linear, mixed-effects modelling techniques based on arterial blood samples. Computer simulations were performed to illustrate the clinical application of the pharmacokinetic model

Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:
Provided by: CiteSeerX
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.