Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The entropy formula for linear heat equation

By Lei Ni


ABSTRACT. We add two sections to [8] and answer some questions asked there. In the first section we give another derivation of Theorem 1.1 of [8], which reveals the relation between the entropy formula, (1.4) of [8], and the well-known Li–Yau’s gradient estimate. As a by-product we obtain the sharp estimates on ‘Nash’s entropy ’ for manifolds with nonnegative Ricci curvature. We also show that the equality holds in Li–Yau’s gradient estimate, for some positive solution to the heat equation, at some positive time, implies that the complete Riemannian manifold with nonnegative Ricci curvature is isometric to R n. In the second section we derive a dual entropy formula which, to some degree, connects Hamilton’s entropy with Perelman’s entropy in the case of Riemann surfaces. 1. The relation with Li–Yau’s gradient estimates In this section we provide another derivation of Theorem 1.1 of [8] and discuss its relation with Li–Yau’s gradient estimates on positive solutions of heat equation. The formulation gives a sharp upper and lower bound estimates on Nash’s ‘entropy quantity ’ − � M H log Hdvin the case M has nonnegative Ricci curvature, where H is the fundamental solution (heat kernel) of the heat equation. This section is following the ideas in the Section 5 of [9]. Let u(x, t) be a positive solution to � ∂ ∂t − � � u(x, t) = 0 with

Year: 2004
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:
Provided by: CiteSeerX
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.