is a daunting task’. It is easy to agree and to realize that it is possibly more daunting for anybody after reading the graphic and beautiful profile of Seymour that Birch is able to draw. She immediately focuses on Seymour’s maieutic attitude as his basic character and his way of caring for the other – and it would be a mistake to think of Socrates as a carelessly mild man. Finally, Birch introduces us to Boss Tweed’s New York, a book published in 1965 and re-issued in 1990, where ‘his powerful analysis of communities and communication’, the enduring themes of Seymour’s thought and research, are presented. Open moral communities are Niraj Verma’s theme. Through his article we have a first short introduction to this flexible and difficult world: flexible and adaptive for assuming planners as members of various communities; difficult and demanding for assuming most planners ‘are politically savvy’. According to Verma the question is: how ‘can we be conscious of dilemmas and difficulties and yet maintain our sanity’? Obviously, there is no certai
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