Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

A center-periphery model of monetary coordination and exchange rate crises

By Willem H. Buiter, G. Corsetti and P. Pesenti

Abstract

The paper analyzes the modalities and consequences of a breakdown of cooperation between the monetary authorities of inflation-prone Periphery Countries that use an exchange rate peg as an anti-inflationary device, when the Center is hit by an aggregate demand shock. Cooperation in the Periphery is constrained to be symmetric: costs and benefits must be equal for all. Our model suggests that there are at least two ways in which a generalized crisis of the exchange rate system may emerge. The first is when the constrained cooperative response of the Periphery is a moderate common devaluation while the non-cooperative equilibrium has large devaluations by a few countries. An exchange rate crisis emerges if Periphery countries give in to their individual incentives to renege on the cooperative agreement. In their second case, the Center shock is not large enough to trigger a general devaluation in the constrained cooperative equilibrium, making the monetary stance in the system more expansionary. In this case, reversion to Nash is collectively rational. We offer this model as a useful parable for interpreting the collapse of the ERM in 1992-3

Topics: HB Economic Theory
Publisher: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science
Year: 1995
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.lse.ac.uk:20727
Provided by: LSE Research Online
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://cep.lse.ac.uk (external link)
  • http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/20727... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.