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Pressure-induced superconductivity in Eu$_{0.5}$Ca$_{0.5}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ : FeAs-based superconductivity hidden by antiferromagnetism of Eu sublattice

By Akihiro Mitsuda, Tomohiro Matoba, Hirofumi Wada, Fumihiro Ishikawa and Yuh Yamada


To clarify superconductivity in EuFe2As2 hidden by antiferromagnetism of Eu2+, we investigated a Ca-substituted sample, Eu0.5Ca0.5Fe2As2, under high pressure. For ambient pressure, the sample exhibits a spin-density-wave (SDW) transition at TSDW = 191 K and antiferromagnetic order at TN = 4 K, but no evidence of superconductivity down to 2 K. The Ca-substitution certainly weakens the antiferromagnetism. With increasing pressure, TSDW shifts to lower temperature and becomes more unclear. Above 1.27 GPa, pressure-induced superconductivity with zero resistivity is observed at around Tc = 20 K. At 2.14 GPa, Tc reaches a maximum value of 24 K and the superconducting transition becomes the sharpest. These features of emergence of the superconductivity are qualitatively similar to those observed in AFe2As2 (A = Ba, Ca).Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

Topics: Condensed Matter - Superconductivity, Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
Publisher: 'Japan Society of Applied Physics'
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1143/JPSJ.79.073704
OAI identifier:

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