Quorum-based secure multi-party computation


Abstract. This paper describes efficient protocols for multi-party com-putations that are information-theoretically secure against passive at-tacks. The results presented here apply to access structures based on quorum systems, which are collections of sets enjoying a naturally-motivated self-intersection property. Quorum-based access structures in-clude threshold systems but are far richer and more general, and they have specific applicability to several problems in distributed control and management. The achievable limits of security in quorum-based multi-party computation are shown to be equivalent to those determined by Hirt and Maurer in [HM97], drawing a natural but non-obvious connec-tion between quorum systems and the extremes of secure multi-party computation. Moreover, for both the general case and for specific appli-cations, the protocols presented here are simpler and more efficient

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