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Cytosolic and vacuolar Ca2+ concentrations in yeast cells measured with the Ca2+-sensitive fluorescence dye indo-1

By D. Halachmi and Y. Eilam


AbstractCells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were loaded with indo-1, by incubation in a medium of pH 4.5, which contained penta-potassium indo-1. Cells were then washed and resuspended in a buffer of pH 4.O. The emission fluorescence spectra were recorded between 390 and 500 nm (excitation at 355 nm) and the autofluorescent spectra of the matched controls were subtracted. A 19-fold cellular accumulation of indo-1 was achieved. By permeabilization of plasma membranes, leaving the vacuolar membrane intact, it was proved that indo-1 was accumulated in the cytosol. It was also shown that intracellular indo-1 did not leak out of the cells and was not modified by cellular metabolism. Using the emission fluorescence ratio at 410480 nm, the concentration of a free cytosolic Ca2+ was found to be 346 nM. Vacuolar Ca2+ concentration, calculated from indo-1 fluorescence after lysis of vacuolar and cellular membranes, was found to be 1.3 mM.Ca2+, cytosolic; Yeast; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Indo-

Publisher: Published by Elsevier B.V.
Year: 1989
DOI identifier: 10.1016/0014-5793(89)81717-X
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