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Acute pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis secondary to idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome

By Dezhi Li, Li Xu, Dianjie Lin, Shujuan Jiang, Saran Feng and Ling Zhu


Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a most dangerous complication that needs prompt treatment to reduce potentially death. There are many well-known prognostic factors indicate the morbidity and mortality in various thromboembolic events. Persistent eosinophilia in peripheral blood can lead to tissue infiltration and even organ damage, but the urgent event of thromboembolism in pulmonary provoked by eosinophil eosinophilia in idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is relative an unusual presentation. In this paper, we present two cases of patients with multiple PE and deep vein thrombosis secondary to the idiopathic HES. Patients were all treated using anticoagulant therapy and corticosteroids successfully. Accordingly, eosinophilia is another risk and precipitating factor of pulmonary thromboembolism. It is necessary for physicians to make a diagnosis in hypereosinophilia as soon as possible for proper prognosis and in case of further thromboembolic events and prevent end-organ damage. Keywords: Pulmonary embolism, Veins, Embolism, Risk factor, Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrom

Topics: Diseases of the respiratory system, RC705-779
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.09.006
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