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Sero-prevalence of Helicobacter pylori CagA immunoglobulin G antibody, serum pepsinogens and haemoglobin levels in adults

By Khitam Muhsen, Ronit Sinnreich, Gany Beer-Davidson, Hisham Nassar, Daniel Cohen and Jeremy D. Kark


Abstract Associations observed of Helicobacter pylori infection with haemoglobin levels are inconsistent. We examined associations of H. pylori sero-prevalence and serum pepsinogens (PGs), as non-invasive markers of atrophic gastritis, with haemoglobin levels. A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 654 Jewish and 937 Arab residents of Jerusalem, aged 25–78 years, randomly selected from Israel’s national population registry in age-sex and population strata. Sera were tested for H. pylori IgG, cytotoxin–associated gene A (CagA) antigen IgG antibody and PGs levels. Multivariable models were fitted to account for confounders. Participants with atrophic gastritis (PGI < 30 μg/L or a PGI: PGII < 3.0) had lower haemoglobin levels than those without: beta-coefficient −0.34 (95% CI −0.59, −0.09); in men −0.27 (95% CI −0.67, 0.12), and in women −0.43 (95% CI −0.74, −0.12). Lower haemoglobin levels were noted in persons with CagA antibody than in those H. pylori sero-negative or H. pylori-CagA sero-negative: beta-coefficient −0.14 (95% CI −0.29, 0.01). Anaemia was more common among women and men with than without atrophic gastritis: adjusted OR 2.58 (95% CI 1.48, 4.48) and 1.52 (95% CI 0.59, 3.95), respectively. In conclusion, independent of known correlates, atrophic gastritis and apparently CagA sero-positivity, a marker of H. pylori virulent strains, are associated with lower haemoglobin levels

Topics: Medicine, R, Science, Q
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1038/s41598-018-35937-9
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