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Two novel mutations identified in ADCC families impair crystallin protein distribution and induce apoptosis in human lens epithelial cells

By Li Li, Da-Bei Fan, Ya-Ting Zhao, Yun Li, De-Qian Kong, Fang-Fei Cai and Guang-Ying Zheng

Abstract

Abstract Congenital cataract (CC) is a clinical and genetically heterogeneous eye disease that primarily causes lens disorder and even amblyopic blindness in children. As the mechanism underlying CC is genetically inherited, identification of CC-associated gene mutations and their role in protein distribution are topics of both pharmacological and biological research. Through physical and ophthalmic examinations, two Chinese pedigrees with autosomal dominant congenital cataract (ADCC) were recruited for this study. Mutation analyses of CC candidate genes by next-generation sequencing (NGS) and Sanger sequencing revealed a novel missense mutation in CRYBB2 (p.V146L) and a deletion mutation in CRYAA (p.116_118del). Both mutations fully co-segregated were not observed in unaffected family members or in 100 unrelated healthy controls. The CRYBB2 missense mutation disrupts the distribution of CRYBB2 in human lens epithelial cells (HLEpiCs), and the CRYAA deletion mutation causes hyperdispersion of CRYAA. Furthermore, these two crystallin mutations result in aberrant expression of unfolded protein response (UPR) marker genes as well as apoptosis in HLEpiCs. Collectively, these findings broaden the genetic spectrum of ADCC

Topics: Medicine, R, Science, Q
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1038/s41598-017-18222-z
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:20099c2c4eee4e15966423f901094e7f
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