Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Welfare benefits in kind and income distribution

By Maria Evandrou, Jane Falkingham, John Hills and Julian Le Grand


This article explores the value to households in different income groups of benefits from public spending on education, the National Health Service and subsidies to local authority housing. Its results are drawn from secondary analysis of the 1987 General Household Survey (GHS). The paper compares these findings with those which the Central Statistical Office (CSO, 1990) derived from the 1987 Family Expenditure Survey (ITS). As well as using the more detailed information given by the GHS on use of health services and higher education than by the FES, we also apply some different methodological approaches from the CSO, including the allocation of higher education for students living away from home to their households of origin and the use of estimates of ‘economic’ housing subsidies. The CSO’s results are summarised in Section 11, together with a discussion of some limitations of its approach, and the advantages (in some respects) of using GHS data. We present our main findings of distribution by income group in Section 111. A more detailed discussion of the results for the separate areas of education, the National Health Service and housing subsidies follows in Section IV. We summarise our results in Section V and make some suggestions for future work in this area. For a more detailed account of the findings, including an analysis of distribution by socio-economic group, see Evandrou et al. (1992)

Topics: HC Economic History and Conditions, HD Industries. Land use. Labor, HJ Public Finance, HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Publisher: Blackwell
Year: 1993
DOI identifier: 10.1111/j.1475-5890.1993.tb00343.x
OAI identifier:
Provided by: LSE Research Online
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.