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Ortodidaktiese hulpverlening in die multikulturele skool

By Maria Elizabeth Dalina Badenhorst

Abstract

M.Ed. (Multicultural Education)The study focuses on the process-deficit model (within child-approach) and the concept of learning disabilities within the framework of a changing South African educational system. The research questions concentrate on the appropriateness of the model and paradigm In a multicultural educational system. The following questions are researched: Which ct1teria have to be considered In orthodidactlcal Intervention procedures for cultural diverse learners? How can the problems within the field of learnlng difficulties be addressed In a unitary educational system? Primarily the study alms to determine the status of the process-deficit model In a multicultural school. Secondly It attempts to identify the problem areas within the existing system and to find acceptable alternatives. Thirdly, the aim Is to use the identified ct1terta as guidelines In the search for a model for effective orthodidactlcal strategy planning. To comply with the above mentioned requirements, the study consists of a perspective on the history and future prospects of the process-deflclt model and the paradigm of specific leamlng difficulties practical evaluation of the model a search for criteria for appropriate Intervention procedures which may lead to a model for orthodldadlc support In the unique South African circumstances. The research Indicates the failure of both the concept and the category of speclflc leamlng disabilities to comply with the demands of science and practice In the field. As a result of theoretical and scientific shortcomings, the Integrity of the process-deflclt model is questioned to the extent that specific learning disabilities cannot be Justified 81 a category In a multicultural South African educational system. The model which was derived from a sophistlcated monocultural phase In the American educational system of the sixties is not reconcilable with the cultural complexity of South African circumstances. Should the South African conceptualisation of specific learning disabilities continue, the following problems are foreseeable: Since process-deficits can only be proven In a miniscule number of learners, the number of children who qualify for this category is extremely limited. Literally millions of children with learning difficulties are / wilI be excluded from It. Since It Is virtually Impossible to distinguish consistently between Intrinsic and environmental causes of learnlng disabilities, fair assessment of culturally diverse children Is unattainable according to the criteria and the diagnostic procedures of the model. Should the American example be followed, and the criteria expanded, over ldentiflcation of children will be Inevitable. The number of children then entitled to this category, will be overwhelming. The Infrastructure and current mode of Intervention willbe confronted by Impossible demands, as Is already the case. The quest for optimal effectiveness leads to a thorough Investigation of the theory, practice (Including diagnostic and Intervention procedures), provisional measures and structural aspect subjacent to the current orthodidactlc support system. The need for change In all areas Is emphasised. Guidelines as to how these changes may be brought about are discussed and reflected In the tentative model for orthopedagogics-orthodidactlc support In mainstream education submitted by the Interest Group, Orthopedagogics, of the Education AssocIation of South Afric

Topics: Special education - South Africa, Multicultural education - South Africa, Learning disabilities - Remedial teaching, Children with social disabilities - Education - South Africa
Year: 2014
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