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The interaction of the HSV-1 tegument proteins pUL36 and pUL37 is essential for secondary envelopment during viral egress

By Barbar J Kelly, Rudolf Bauerfeind, Anne Binz, Beate Sodeik, Andrea S Laimbacher, C Fraefel and Russel J Diefenbach

Abstract

The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) tegument proteins pUL36 (VP1/2) and pUL37 are essential for viral egress. We previously defined a minimal domain in HSV-1 pUL36, residues 548–572, as important for binding pUL37. Here, we investigated the role of this region in binding to pUL37 and facilitating viral replication. We deleted residues 548–572 in frame in a virus containing a mRFP tag at the N-terminus of the capsid protein VP26 and an eGFP tag at the C-terminus of pUL37 (HSV-1pUL36∆548-572). This mutant virus was unable to generate plaques in Vero cells, indicating that deletion of this region of pUL36 blocks viral replication. Imaging of HSV-1pUL36∆548-572-infected Vero cells, in comparison to parental and resucant, revealed a block in secondary envelopment of cytoplasmic capsids. In addition, immunoblot analysis suggested that failure to bind pUL37 affected the stability of pUL36. This study provides further insight into the role of this essential interaction

Topics: Institute of Virology, 570 Life sciences; biology
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.virol.2014.02.003
OAI identifier: oai:www.zora.uzh.ch:93774
Provided by: ZORA
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