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Modeling and demonstrating cultural differences in Genesis

By Hiba Awad

Abstract

Culture has a strong influence on how stories are understood. Accordingly, a full account of human intelligence must include an account of cultural influences on story understanding. The research reported takes a step toward accounting for cultural differences computationally by extending the Genesis story understanding system so as to enable Genesis to model Chinese and American differences in human story understanding and question answering. I focused on two murder stories discussed in a classic study by Morris and Peng, identified extensions to Genesis needed to model Chinese and American understanding and question answering biases, and developed rules and concepts not already in the Genesis libraries. I determined that one extension, a question-induced story augmentation capability, was needed to handle questions such as "Did Lu kill Shan because America is individualistic?" Another extension, the introduction of abduction rules, was needed to handle common sense background rules such as "If person X kills person Y, then person X must be insane." I also conceived and implemented computational metrics to measure story coherence. I survey the field of cultural psychology and suggest further steps toward an account of culturally variant cognition.by Hiba Awad.Thesis: M. Eng., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2013.Title as it appears in MIT Commencement Exercises program, June 7, 2013: Modeling and demonstrating cultural differences in Genesis. Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 81-84)

Topics: Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Publisher: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.mit.edu:1721.1/85403
Provided by: DSpace@MIT
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